Articles >Routes of Seeds Trade
between India and Bangladesh...
Routes of Seeds Trade between India and Bangladesh:Existing Scenario
and the Way Forward
Seed Times,Volume-10, May - August 2017
By Suvayan Neogi
Bangladesh and India derive their sustainability in economic growth
and development from agriculture to a large extent but the
contribution of this sector in the gross domestic product (GDP) of
these countries in the last decade has declined.
reform on trade liberalization, they have not experienced
significant growth in agricultural sector. Both Bangladesh and India
suffer from uneven food production caused by low yields and faulty
marketing and distribution system. It is observed that there exists
a significant gap between demand and supply of High Yielding
Varieties (HYV) seeds in both the countries.
this gap, people residing in the border areas of India and
Bangladesh have automatically developed informal markets. The
reasons for the growth of these informal markets are proximity,
quicker delivery, social and ethnic language, similar agro-climatic
conditions and food habits. Further, it has also happened due to
non-tariff barriers, policy related issues, domestic policy
distortion and political aspects.
Appropriate policy regime for ensuring adequate supply of HYV rice
seed through domestic production and also trade are the key
solutions. Increased trade and cooperation in agricultural inputs,
especially in HYV rice seeds between Bangladesh and India can also
be the possible and effective way to ensure the accessibility and
availability. In addition, creation of adequate infrastructure,
ensuring timely availability and accessibility to quality inputs,
could lead to better scenario in both the countries.